Reference List

These references are the ones that have been utilised in the production of this CD. These should be referred to when one wishes to reference from the CD in their own work. Some Swiss companies and agencies have different names in different languages. Where information or a document is in English, the English equivalent name will be given. Where it is French or German, the French or German name will be given. For instance the BFS and SFSO appear seperately in this list but are the same organisation with different names in different languages.

Agricultural Information Centre (Landwirtschaftlicher Informationsdienst), 2003. Agricultural Policy. https://en.agriculture.ch/knowledge/politics/ accessed 13/08/15.

Ahrens D.C, 1994. Meteorology today: an introduction to weather, climate and the environment (5th Ed). West Publishing Company, St Paul (MN, USA).Barry R.G and Chorley R.J, 1998.

Atmosphere, weather and climate (7th Ed). Routledge, London.Benn D.I and Evans D.J.A, 1998. Glaciers and Glaciation. Arnold, London.Bennett M.R and Glasser N.F, 1996.

Glacial Geology: Ice Sheets and Landforms. Wiley, Chichester.Bratt G, 1995.

The Bisses of Valais: Man-made watercourses in Switzerland. Guy Bratt, Gerrards Cross.Bundesamt für Energie (BFE), 2005a. Schweizerishe Gesamtenergiestatistik 2004.

BFE, Bern. (In German) Bundesamt für Energie (BFE), 2005b.

Bollati, I., Reynard, E., Palmieri, E.L., Pelfini, M. (2016) Runoff Impact on Active Geomorphosites in Unconsolidated Substrate. A Comparison Between Landforms in Glacial and Marine Clay Sediments: Two Case Studies from the Swiss Alps and the Italian Apennines, Geoheritage, 8 (1), pp. 61-75.

Gesamte Erzeugung und Abgabe elektrischer Energie in der Schweiz 2005. BFE, Bern. (In German)Bundesamt für Statistik (BFS), 2008a.

Nationalrat Kanton Wallis 2007. http://www.politik-stat.ch/nrw2007VS_de.html accessed 26/05/08.Bundesamt für Statistik (BFS), 2008b.

Statistik des jährlichen Bevölkerungsstandes (ESPOP) und der natürlichen Bevölkerungsbewegung (BEVNAT) 2007: Provisorische Ergebnisse. BFS, Neuchatel. (In German & French)Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU), 2005.

Naturpärke sind eine Chance für die Regionen. http://www.umwelt-schweiz.ch/buwal/de/medien/presse/artikel/20050223/01154/index.html accessed 29/08/06 (In German)Bundesamt für Wasser und Geologie (BWG), 2005.

Stand der Wasserkraftnutzung in der Schweiz am 1. Januar 2005. http://www.bwg.admin.ch/themen/wkraft/d/pdf/stwkrn.pdf accessed 25/08/06 (In German)Cleuson-Dixence, 2006.

Conedera, M., Tonini, M., Oleggini, L., Vega Orozco, C., Leuenberger, M., Pezzatti, G.B. (2015)
Geospatial approach for defining the Wildland-Urban Interface in the Alpine environment
Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 52, pp. 10-20.

The Penstock’s Failure. http://www.cleuson-dixence.ch/en/amenagement/rupture_du_puits_blinde.htm accessed 25/08/06 Cooke L.J, Rose M.S, and Becker W.J, 2000.

Chinook winds and migraine headache. Neurology, 54, 2, 302-307.Crook. D.S, 1997. Sustainable Mountain Irrigation? The Bisses of Valais, Switzerland: A Holistic Appraisal. University of Huddersfield. Unpublished doctoral thesis.Dorling Kindersley (DK), 2005. DK Eyewitness travel guides: Switzerland. DK, London.

CIA. 2015. Switzerland Population Pyramid 2014. Accessed: 10 August 2015. Available from:
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html


ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich), 2004. Swiss Hazard Map. http://www.earthquake.ethz.ch/research/Swiss_Hazard/Maps_plots/Hazard_Maps accessed 31/07/06ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich), 2006. The Randa Rockfall in 1991.

http://www.vaw.ethz.ch/applied_research/protection/flood_protection/fb_randa_rock_falls_in_1991 accessed 26/07/06 Federal Office of Topography (swisstopo), 2008. Atlas of Switzerland 2.

Feichtinger, L.M., Eilmann, B., Buchmann, N., Rigling, A. (2014) Growth adjustments of conifers to drought and to century-long irrigation, Forest Ecology and Management, 334, pp. 96-105.

Frank, F., McArdell, B.W., Huggel, C., Vieli, A. (2015) The importance of entrainment and bulking on debris flow runout modeling: Examples from the Swiss Alps, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 15 (11), pp. 2569-2583.

http://www.swisstopo.admin.ch/internet/swisstopo/en/home/products/atlas/ads2.html accessed 28/07/08.Gemeinde Grächen, 2006. Grächen: Zahlen und Fakten. http://www.gemeinde-graechen.ch/gemeinde_zahlen.htm accessed 11/06/06 (In German) Gemeinde Leuk, 2005.

Allgemein (General Information). http://gemeinde.leuk.ch accessed 25/05/06 (In German) Gemeinde Randa, 2006.

Die Gemeinde Randa. http://www.randa.ch/gemeinde/poli1.htm accessed 26/07/06 (In German) Gemeinde St Niklaus, 2005.

Kurzinfos über St. Niklaus. http://gemeinde.st-niklaus.ch/portrait/fakten/ accessed 07/06/06 (In German) Gemeinde Stalden, 2005.

Stalden Heute (Stalden Today). http://www.stalden.ch/kuerze/staldenheute.html accessed 31/05/06 (In German) Gemeinde Zermatt, 2007.

Kurzportrait der Gemeinde Zermatt. http://gemeinde.zermatt.ch/div/portrait.html accessed 17/04/07 (In German) Gilg A, 1985.

Land use planning in Switzerland. Town Planning Review, 56, 315-338. Grande Dixence, 2006.

Operation of the Grande Dixence Complex. http://www.grande-dixence.ch/energie/hydraulic/switzerland/operation.html accessed 25/08/06. Holden J (Ed), 2005.

An introduction to Physical Geography and the Environment. Pearson, Harlow.Holzhauser H, Magny M, and Zumbühl H.J, 2005. Glacier and lake-level variations in west-central Europe over the last 3500 years. The Holocene, 15, 789-801. Honan. M, 2000.

Klesse, S., Etzold, S., Frank, D. (2016) Integrating tree-ring and inventory-based measurements of aboveground biomass growth: research opportunities and carbon cycle consequences from a large snow breakage event in the Swiss Alps, European Journal of Forest Research, 135 (2), pp. 297-311.

Lestuzzi, P., Podestà, S., Luchini, C., Garofano, A., Kazantzidou-Firtinidou, D., Bozzano, C., Bischof, P., Haffter, A., Rouiller, J.-D. (2016) Seismic vulnerability assessment at urban scale for two typical Swiss cities using Risk-UE methodology, Natural Hazards, pp. 1-21. Article in Press.

Lonely Planet: Switzerland (3rd Ed). Lonely Planet, Australia.Leukerbad Tourismus, 2006. Leukerbad - bathing and relaxing in the midst of magnificent mountains. http://www.leukerbad.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=DestinationsLB&subcat=DestLB&id=11287 accessed 15/05/06 Lozzer H and Keller R, 2000.

Along the Swiss National Park nature trail. SNP, Zernez. Martigny Tourism, 2000. Martigny: Location and access. http://www.martignytourism.ch/en/situation/index.html accessed 30/05/06 Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn, 2005.

Melliger, R.L., Riedener, E., Rusterholz, H.-P., Baur, B. (2014) Do different irrigation techniques affect the small-scale patterns of plant diversity and soil characteristics in mountain hay meadows? Plant Ecology, 215 (9), pp. 1037-1046.

The Glacier Express. http://www.glacierexpress.ch/en/1glac_1.html accessed 22/05/06 MeteoSwiss, 2004.

1961-1990 Climate diagrams from Swiss monitoring Stations. http://www.meteoschweiz.ch/web/en/climate/climate_diagrams_from_swiss_measuring_stations.html accessed 27/05/06 MeteoSwiss, 2005.

Cimate Change. http://www.meteoswiss.ch/web/en/climate/climate_change.html accessed 29/08/06 Papilloud J.H, 2005. Encyclopedie Valais - L'histoire du Valais.

http://www.vs.ch/encyclo/navig.asp?mnu=know&idRubrique=9&idLangue=1 accessed 31/05/06 (In French) PLANAT (National Platform for Natural Hazards), 2005. Chronicle of Swiss Natural Disasters.

http://www.planat.ch/index.php?userhash=19729423&nav=4,475,475,475&l=e accessed 26/08/06 Platt J. P, 1997. The European Alps. In Van der Pluijm B. A and Marshak S, 1997. Earth Structure. WCB/McGraw-Hill.

Presence Switzerland, 2005a. Swissworld: The geography of Switzerland: The three regions. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=202&sid=3973679&cKey=1131888041000&rubricId=10020 accessed 20/04/06. Presence Switzerland, 2005b.

Swissworld: Learning Factsheets. http://www.swissworld.org/xobix_media/files/sis/2005/factsheets_edition_2005_english.pdf accessed 20/04/06. Presence Switzerland, 2005c.

Swissworld: Government: People’s rights. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=705&sid=4055756&cKey=1146579658000&rubricId=15050 accessed 09/05/06. Presence Switzerland, 2005d.

Swissworld: Economy. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=300 accessed 12/05/06. Presence Switzerland, 2005e.

Swissworld: Government: General Information. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=701&sid=4100094&cKey=1060158984000&rubricId=15010 accessed 16/05/06 Presence Switzerland, 2005f.

Swissworld: History. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=800 accessed 11/06/06
Presence Switzerland, 2005g.

Swissworld: Culture. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=800 accessed 28/07/06
Presence Switzerland, 2005h.

Swissworld: Wildlife. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=904&sid=4124357 accessed 25/08/06 Presence Switzerland, 2005i.

Swissworld: Alpine Flora. http://www.swissworld.org/eng/swissworld.html?siteSect=2001&sid=3999226 accessed 27/08/06 Provins Valais, 2005.

Wine in Valais. http://www.provins.ch/en/entreprise/viticult/ accessed 17/08/06

Riedener, E., Melliger, R.L., Rusterholz, H..-P., Baur, B. (2015) Changes in landscape composition of differently irrigated hay meadows in an arid mountain region, Applied Vegetation Science, 18 (2), pp. 242-251.

Renate Renner, Flurina Schneider, Daniela Hohenwallner, Christian Kopeinig, Sylvia Kruse, Judit Lienert, Steffen Link and Susanne Muhar (2013) Meeting the Challenges of Transdisciplinary Knowledge Production for Sustainable Water Governance, Mountain Research and Development, 33(3):234-247. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-13-00002.1

Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005a. The village of Saas-Almagell. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSA&id=24086 accessed 24/05/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005b.

The village of Saas-Balen. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSB&id=24091 accessed 24/05/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005c.

The Mattmark Dam. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSA&id=24093 accessed 05/06/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005d.

The village of Saas-Grund. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSG&id=24077 accessed 07/06/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005e.

The Chapel Trail. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSF&id=40357 accessed 11/06/06
Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005f.

The village of Saas-Fee. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSF&id=23744 accessed 17/04/07 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005g.

Metro Alpin. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=MtTransportSF&subcat=InstallationsSF&id=23863 accessed 20/06/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005h.

Mountain Cableways - Installations. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage_results_listmode-MtTransportSF-InstallationsSF.html accessed 20/06/06 Saas-Fee Tourism, 2005i.

History and customs. http://www.saas-fee.ch/en/navpage.cfm?category=RegionSF&subcat=DestSF&id=23750 accessed 25/07/06. Saas-Fee Tourism, 2006.

Absolutely Natural: Summer 2006. Unpublished brochure. Sartori. M, Baillifard. F, Jaboyedoff. M, and Rouiller. J.D, 2003.

Flurina Schneider, Mariano Bonriposi, Olivier Graefe, Karl Herweg, Christine
Homewood, Matthias Huss, Martina Kauzlaric, Hanspeter Liniger, Emmanuel Rey, Emmanuel
Reynard, Stephan Rist, Bruno Schädler & Rolf Weingartner (2015) Assessing the sustainability
of water governance systems: the sustainability wheel, Journal of Environmental Planning and
Management, 58:9, 1577-1600, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2014.938804

Kinematics of the 1991 Randa Rockslides (Valais, Switzerland). Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 3, 423-433.Schweizerische Bundesbahnen (SBB), 2008.

Lötschberg Base Tunnel. http://mct.sbb.ch/mct/en/reisezeit/fahrplan_ausblick/reisen-fahrplanwechsel-loetschberg.htm accessed 26/05/08.Schweizerischer Wasserwirtschaftsverband (Swiss association for Water Management), 2006.

Statistik Wasserkraft: Einzugsgebiet Rhone. http://www.swv.ch/statistik_einzugsgebiet_rhone.cfm accessed 05/06/06 (In German)
Smith K, 2004.

Environmental Hazards: Assessing risk and reducing disaster (4th Ed). Routledge, London. Swissinfo (Swiss Radio International), 2004.

Swiss unprepared for major earthquakes. http://www.swissinfo.org/eng/swissinfo.html?siteSect=105&sid=5325347 accessed 31/07/06 Swissinfo (Swiss Radio International), 2008.

Thousands support beleaguered justice minister. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/politics/internal_affairs/Thousands_support_beleaguered_justice_minister.html?siteSect=1511&sid=8963433 accessed 26/05/08.Swiss Committee on Dams (SCD), 2006.

Dams in Switzerland. http://www.swissdams.ch/Dams/damList/default_e.asp accessed 25/08/06.Swiss Federal Chancellery, 2006. The Swiss Confederation: A brief guide 2006. Federal Chancellery, Bern.Swiss Federal Chancellery, 2008.

The Swiss Confederation: A brief guide 2008. Federal Chancellery, Bern.Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE), 2006.

Large-scale Hydropower. http://www.bfe.admin.ch/themen/00490/00491/00492/index.html?lang=en accessed 25/08/06.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2006a.

Statistical Data on Switzerland 2015.
SFSO, Neuchatel.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2006b.

Statistical Yearbook 2006. SFSO, Neuchatel.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2006d.
Valais regional portrait: Key Data. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/content/bfs/portal/en/index/regionen/regionalportraets/wallis/blank/kennzahlen.html accessed 17/05/06. Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2006f.


Swiss Environmental Statistics: A Brief Guide 2006. SFSO, Neuchatel.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2007b. Economic and financial data for Switzerland. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/themen/systemes_d_indicateurs/economic_and_financial/data.html accessed 17/04/07.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2008a.


Statistical Data on Switzerland 2015. SFSO, Neuchatel.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2008b.

Statistical Yearbook 2015.SFSO, Neuchatel.Swiss Federal Statistical Office (SFSO), 2015.

Commune regional portraits: Key Data. http://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/portal/en/index/regionen/regionalportraets/gemeindesuche.html accessed 19/07/09.Swiss Glacier Monitoring Network (SGMN), 2008a.


Grosser Aletschgletscher. http://glaciology.ethz.ch/messnetz/glaciers/aletsch.html accessed 17/07/09Swiss Glacier Monitoring Network (SGMN), 2008b. Gornergletscher. http://glaciology.ethz.ch/messnetz/glaciers/gorner.html accessed 17/07/09Swiss Glacier Monitoring Network (SGMN), 2008c.


Feegletscher (Nord). http://glaciology.ethz.ch/messnetz/glaciers/fee.html accessed 17/07/09
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Seismic Hazard Assessment of Switzerland, 2004. Swiss Seismological Service, Zurich.Täsch Tourismus, 2006.


Das Dorf Täsch. http://www.taesch.ch/ accessed 25/05/06 (In German)Teller. M, 2003. The rough guide to Switzerland (2nd Ed). Rough Guides, London. Valais Tourism, 2005a.


Crans-Montana. http://www.matterhornstate.com/en/destinations.cfm?category=DestinationsVS&subcat=DestinationsAllVS&id=9113 accessed 24/05/06 Valais Tourism, 2005b.


Leuk-Susten. http://www.matterhornstate.com/en/destinations.cfm?category=DestinationsVS&subcat=DestinationsAllVS&id=9607 accessed 25/05/06 Valais Tourism, 2005c.

Täsch. http://www.matterhornstate.com/en/destinations.cfm?category=DestinationsVS&subcat=DestinationsAllVS&id=35319 accessed 25/05/06 Valais Tourism, 2005d.

Visperterminen. http://www.matterhornstate.com/en/destinations.cfm?category=DestinationsVS&subcat=DestinationsAllVS&id=48970 accessed 31/05/06 Valais Tourism, 2005e.

Areas and Destinations. http://www.matterhornstate.com/en/Valais-DestinationsVS.html accessed 20/06/06 Verbier Tourism, 2004.

Verbier Press Kit 2004. http://www.verbier.ch/flash/en/presskit.cfm accessed 05/06/06VLP-ASPAN (Swiss Association for Regional Planning), 2004.


Spatial planning in Switzerland. http://www.vlp-aspan.ch/home/files/spatial_planning.pdf accessed 02/08/06 Wine City (The Portal of Swiss Wines), 2006a.


Vineyards. http://www.winecity.ch/cvignoble.asp?lan=en&p=cvignoble&txtCanton=VS accessed 17/08/06 Wine City (The Portal of Swiss Wines), 2006b.

Vines Cultivated. http://www.winecity.ch/ccepages.asp?lan=en&p=ccepages&txtCanton=VS accessed 17/08/06 Zermatt Bergbahnen, 2006a.

Waldmeyer, A., Schmaus, H., Hohberg, J.M. (2013)Tunnel Visp / Valais (CH) - Challenges in a twin-tube motorway project incorporating an existing tunnel, Underground - The Way to the Future: Proceedings of the World Tunnel Congress, WTC 2013, pp. 1055-1062.

Matterhorn Glacier Paradise. http://bergbahnen.zermatt.ch/e/peaks/kleinmatterhorn.html accessed 22/05/06 Zermatt Bergbahnen, 2006b.

Schwarzsee Paradise. http://bergbahnen.zermatt.ch/e/peaks/schwarzsee.html accessed 22/05/06Zermatt Bergbahnen, 2008.


Rothorn Paradise. http://bergbahnen.zermatt.ch/e/peaks/rothorn.html accessed 16/06/08 Zermatt Touism, 2005a.

Matterhorn. http://www.zermatt.ch/e/matterhorn/ accessed 22/05/06 Zermatt Touism, 2005b.

Gornergrat (Excursions in Zermatt). http://www.zermatt.ch/e/ausfluege/gornergrat.html accessed 22/05/06